Home » Blogs » About Cocaine Drug | Cocaine Drug Effects And withdrawal | Cocaine Addictions

About Cocaine Drug | Cocaine Drug Effects And withdrawal | Cocaine Addictions

  • by
cocaine

What Is Cocaine?

Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that ups your levels of alertness, attention, and energy. You may hear it called a stimulant. It’s made from the coca plant, which is native to South America. It’s illegal in the U.SA, CANADA and UK. Other names for it includes:

  • Coke
  • white
  • C
  • Snow
  • Rock
  • Blow
  • Crack

It comes in a few different forms. The most common is a fine, white powder. It can also be made into a solid rock crystal.

Most cocaine users snort the white powder into their nose. Some rub it onto their gums or dissolve it in water and inject it with a needle. Others heat up the rock crystal and breathe the smoke into their lungs.

Cocaine Drug Effects And Addictions

Cocaine’s effects appear almost immediately after a single dose and disappear within a few minutes to an hour. Small amounts of cocaine usually make the user feel euphoric, energetic, talkative, mentally alert, and hypersensitive to sight, sound, and touch. The drug can also temporarily decrease the need for food and sleep.14 Some users find that crack helps them perform simple physical and intellectual tasks more quickly, although others experience the opposite effect.

The duration of cocaine’s euphoric effects depend upon the route of administration. The faster the drug is absorbed, the more intense the resulting high, but also the shorter its duration. Snorting crack produces a relatively slow onset of the high, but it may last from 15 to 30 minutes. In contrast, the high from smoking is more immediate but may last only 5 to 10 minutes.15

Short-term physiological effects of cocaine use include constricted blood vessels; dilated pupils; and increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure.16 Large amounts of crack may intensify the user’s high but can also lead to bizarre, erratic, and violent behavior. Some cocaine users report feelings of restlessness, irritability, anxiety, panic, and paranoia.2 Users may also experience tremors, vertigo, and muscle twitches.2

Severe medical complications can occur with cocaine use. Some of the most frequent are cardiovascular effects, including disturbances in heart rhythm and heart attacks; neurological effects, including headaches, seizures, strokes, and coma; and gastrointestinal complications, including abdominal pain and nausea.7 In rare instances, sudden death can occur on the first use of cocaine or unexpectedly thereafter. Cocaine-related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest or seizures2 (see “National Overdose Deaths: Number of Deaths from Cocaine“). Many crack users also use alcohol, and this combination can be particularly dangerous. The two substances react to produce cocaethylene, which may potentiate the toxic effects of cocaine and alcohol on the heart.17 The combination of cocaine and heroin is also very dangerous. Users combine these drugs because the stimulating effects of cocaine are offset by the sedating effects of heroin; however, this can lead to taking a high dose of heroin without initially realizing it. Because cocaine’s effects wear off sooner, this can lead to a heroin overdose, in which the user’s respiration dangerously slows down or stops, possibly fatally.

Cocaine addiction statistics

Cocaine use and abuse continues to be a growing problem in the United States and is considered to be one of the most abused stimulants in America. Recently, cocaine has been named as the drug most often involved in visits to the emergency room. It’s estimated that 1.9 million people use cocaine each month – 359,000 of those used crack cocaine. More men than women abuse crack each month. Adults between the ages of 18 and 25 report higher rates of cocaine usage with 1.5% of individuals in this age bracket self-reporting cocaine abuse in the past month. Crack has been and continues to be a growing drug problem in the United States.

Signs and symptoms of addiction

Cocaine addiction is an addiction to a very potent drug, which means that correctly identifying the ways in which a cocaine addict will display symptoms can be a challenge. The following is a list of some of the common signs and symptoms of crack abuse:

Mood:

  • Anxiety
  • Restlessness
  • Irritation
  • Panic
  • Fearfulness
  • Euphoria
  • Feeling superior to others

Behavioral:

  • Extremely talkative while high
  • Increased energy levels
  • Stealing or borrowing money
  • Increased mental alertness
  • Decreased need for sleep while high
  • Increased need for sleep after usage
  • Erratic, bizarre behaviors
  • Violence
  • Legal problems
  • Abandonment of once-pleasurable activities in order to get high
  • Continuing cocaine use despite mounting problems the drug is causing
  • Neglecting responsibilities at work or school

Physical:

  • Abnormal heart rhythms
  • Constriction of blood vessels
  • Chronically runny nose
  • Nosebleeds
  • Nasal perforation
  • Hoarseness
  • Increase in body temperature
  • Increase in heart rate
  • Increase in blood pressure
  • Headaches
  • Decreased appetite
  • Malnutrition
  • Dilated pupils
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Gangrene of the bowel
  • Risks for HIV, Hepatitis and other blood borne pathogens
  • Muscle twitches
  • Tremors
  • Seizures
  • Strokes
  • Heart attack
  • Death

Psychological:

  • Reckless and risky behaviors
  • Problems in friendships and other interpersonal relationships
  • Intense paranoia
  • Psychosis
  • Violent mood swings
  • Hallucination
  • Break from reality
  • Feeling the drug is needed for survival
  • Craving crack
  • Unable to exert good judgment
  • Rationalization of drug use
  • Unexplained changes in personality
  • Lack of motivation

Effects of Crack addiction

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Coma
  • Psychosis
  • Stroke
  • Heart Attack
  • Permanent changes to heart rhythms
  • Blood borne disease
  • Legal problems
  • Unemployment
  • Divorce
  • Domestic violence

Cocaine addiction and co-occurring disorders

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Other addictions
  • Benzodiazepine abuse
  • Alcoholism and alcohol abuse
  • Depression

Effects of withdrawal from cocaine

While very unpleasant, crack withdrawal is rarely serious unless complicated by suicidal ideation. Symptoms of cocaine withdrawal tend to last only one or two weeks and may include the following:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Inability to feel pleasure
  • Exhaustion
  • Challenges in concentration
  • Intense craving for crack
  • Body aches
  • Pain
  • Tremors and shakiness
  • Chills

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *